Abbreviations and Acronyms

ACGIH

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists

ADH

alcohol dehydrogenase

AG

anion gap

ALDH

aldehyde dehydrogenase

ALL

acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

ALT

alanine aminotransferase (formerly SGPT)

AMCC

N-acetyl-S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)cysteine

AML

acute myelogenous leukaemia

ANA

anti-nuclear antibodies

AST

aspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT)

atm

atmosphere

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (USA)

BAA

butoxyacetic acid

BAC

blood alcohol concentration

BEI

biological exposure index

BUA

Beratergremium für umweltrelevante Altstoffe (Committee on Existing Chemicals of

Environmental Relevance)

CAHD

Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CMAP

compound muscle action potential

CML

chronic myelogenous leukaemia

CNS

central nervous system

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

CT

computerised tomography

CVS

cardiovascular system

DCVG

S-(dichlorovinyl)glutathione

DEGDME

diethylene glycol dimethyl ether

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation

DL

distal latency

DMF

dimethylformamide

DMFA

dimethylformamide

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

ECETOC

European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals

ECG

electrocardiograph

EE

ethoxyethanol

EEA

ethoxyacetic acid

EEAc ethoxyethyl acetate

EEG electroencephalograph

EGBE ethylene glycol monobutyl ether

EGBEA ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate

EGDEE ethylene glycol diethyl ether

EGDME ethylene glycol dimethyl ether

EGEE ethylene glycol monoethyl ether

EGEEA ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate

EGEEAc ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate

EGME ethylene glycol monomethyl ether

EGMEA ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate

EINECS European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances

EMC ethyl-N-methylcarbamate

EP evoked potential

EPA Environmental Protection Agency (USA)

ERG electroretinogram

ESRD end-stage renal disease

FSGS focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

FSH follicle stimulating hormone g gram

GABA gamma aminobutryic acid

GBM glomerular basement membrane

GCS Glasgow coma scale

GnRH gonadotrophin releasing hormone

GPA glycophorin A

GSH glutathione

GTP guanosine triphosphate h hour

HAZMAT hazardous materials (USA)

HMMF N-(hydroxymethyl)-N-methylformamide

2-HMSI 2-hydroxy-N-methylsuccinimide

5-HNMP 5-hydroxy-N-methylpyrrolidone

HPLC high performance liquid chromatography

HSE Health and Safety Executive (UK)

IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO)

IgA immunoglobulin A

IgG immunoglobulin G

IgM immunoglobulin M

INR International Normalised Ratio

IPCS International Programme on Chemical Safety (WHO)

ITU intensive therapy unit

IU international units

IV intravenous l litre

LFT liver function test

Abbreviations and Acronyms

LH

luteinising hormone

m-

meta-

MAA

methoxyacetic acid

MAC

maximum allowable concentration

MBK

methyl n-butyl ketone

MCV

mean corpuscular volume

MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome

MEK

methyl ethyl ketone

mg

milligram

mg/1

milligrams per litre

mg/m3

milligrams per cubic metre

MHA

methylhippuric acid

MIBK

methyl isobutyl ketone

min

minute

m1

millilitre

MM

multiple myeloma

mM

millimolar

MMF

mono-N-methylformamide

MnBK

methyl n-butyl ketone

MNCV

motor nerve conduction velocity

MO

measured osmolality

mOsm/kg H2O

milliosmoles per kilogram of water

MPO

myeloperoxidase

MRI

magnetic resonance image

MSI

N-methyl succinimide

na

not analysed

NAD

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADH

reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADP

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NADPH

reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NCI

National Cancer Institute (USA)

NCV

nerve conduction velocity

NHL

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

NHS

National Health Service (UK)

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (USA)

NK

not known

nm

nanometers

NMF

mono-N-methylformamide

NMG

S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)glutathione

NMP

N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone

NQO1

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1

NTP

National Toxicology Program (USA)

o-

ortho-

OG

osmolal gap

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA)

oz ounce p- para-

PAA n-propoxyacetic acid

PAS periodic acid-Schiff

PBPK physiological-based pharmacokinetic

PCE perchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene)

PEEP positive expiratory end pressure

PGBE 2-propylene glycol 1-n-butyl ether

PGME propylene glycol monomethyl ether

PGMEA propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate

PGMEAc 2-propylene glycol 1-methyl ether 2-acetate

PHA phytohaemagglutinins ppm parts per million

PTR prothrombin time ratio

PVC polyvinyl chloride

® registered trade name

RBC red blood cell count

RTECS Registry of the Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (produced by NIOSH)

SCE sister chromatid exchange

SDH sorbitol dehydrogenase

SGOT serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (now AST)

SGPT serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (now ALT)

SMG S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)glutathione

SNAP sensory nerve action potential

SNCV sensory nerve conduction velocity

TCA trichloroacetic acid

TCE trichloroethanol

1,1,1-TCE 1,1,1-trichloroethane

THF tetrahydrofolic acid

TLV threshold limit value

TPN total parenteral nutrition

TRI trichloroethylene

TTCA 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid

TWA time-weighted average

UK United Kingdom

UN United Nations

UV ultraviolet

VEP visual evoked potential

VSA volatile solvent abuse

WBC white cell count

WHO World Health Organization

|lg microgram

|l microlitre

| M micromolar

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