The EPA's involvement in water management and environmental regulation in the area of CBM produced water involves the CWA, which deals primarily with permitting of discharges to surface waters, and the SDWA, which deals with underground injection permitting and controls. Through these Acts Congress established a process whereby primary authority could be delegated to the states and recognized tribes once they have put the appropriate authorities, statutes, and regulatory frameworks in place.

Clean Water Act

The CWA is the primary federal law in the United States governing surface water pollution.12 The main goals of the act are to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, nSee www.bia.gov/ (accessed July 8, 2010).

12See www.epa.gov/watertrain/cwa/ (accessed March 4, 2010).

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