Friedel Crafts Alkylation of Alkenes

The Friedel-Crafts alkylation is another possible method for synthesis of branched fatty acids and their derivatives. Biermann et al. [80] performed the reaction of oleic acid with isopropyl chloroformate in the presence of

Fig. 11.9 Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of oleic acid

Fig. 11.9 Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of oleic acid

ethylaluminum sesquichloride (Et3Al2Cl3) which gave after 2 h a 1:1 regioiso-meric mixture of 9- and 10-isopropyloctadecanoic acid in 73% yield (Fig. 11.9).

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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