Soils and Sediments

The contamination of soil by wastes is not solely a phenomenon of modern times. In Roman times, metal ores were mined and the ores smelted, polluting the surrounding countryside. The production of materials and chemicals in Europe even at the start of the Industrial Revolution produced substantial pollution. However, the extent of contamination and the hazard from discarded materials expanded greatly in the last century, particularly in the period after World War II.

We begin this section by discussing the nature of soil and of sediments.

Continue reading here: Basic Soil Chemistry

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