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• Permit system to be established by MSS that authorizes industries to discharge into MSS, including provisions for fees to be paid by the participating industry

Note that this recommended system is patterned after that used by the Los Angeles Country Satiation Districts (LACSD) circa 1970, which is considered to be practicable for DC use. The current system utilized by LACSD, as now required by the U.S. EPA, is much too sophisticated/expensive for DC use105.

Discharge Directly to Environment

These discharges must be controlled in the DCs by use of the permit system already described, administered by the local authority with this power (which may be the MSS for industries within the municipal boundaries). In most DCs, the permit system is administered by the NEnPA, which requires preparation by the industry of an approved EIA before the Ministry of Industry can issue its permit that allows the industry to be built and operated. The EPMs specified in the approved EIA are included in the Ministry of Industry permit.

Notes: Based essentially on experience in California as regulated by California State Regional Water Quality Control Boards for area where economy is dependent on use of imported water

Notes: Based essentially on experience in California as regulated by California State Regional Water Quality Control Boards for area where economy is dependent on use of imported water

FIGURE 4.14 Schematic drawing showing effluent standards requirement for disposal of industrial wastes by soil infiltration affecting valuable groundwaters in semi-arid regions for parameter of total dissolved solids (TDs).

The weakness in this system is the lack of firm monitoring of actual industry performance and lack of fines for nonperformance, which are sufficiently high to encourage performance.

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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