Reclamation of Swamp Lowlands by Refuse Landfilling

Project Concept It was observed in the Jakarta region of Indonesia in the 1970s150 that valuable land was being reclaimed from uninhabited swamp areas by filling of the swamps with solid wastes by private-sector operators. This practice would be prohibited by U.S. health authorities, but examination of this practice in Jakarta indicated that it was essentially sound.

The solid waste materials, under water-saturated conditions, quickly consolidated and degraded to form good land. This led to a World Bank-sponsored R&D project conducted at Bangkok for evaluating the feasibility of reclaiming swamp areas by filling with refuse104. The study examined core samples in Bangkok areas that had been filled by refuse. Half of the city of Bangkok is built on former swampland filled with refuse, but the other half on areas filled with dirt or sand.

Stabilization Phenomena The study evaluated the available literature on research studies of landfilling with solid wastes, on gas production and degree of stabilization of the fill materials, to obtain appropriate guidelines or criteria

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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