Totalpetroleum Hydrocarbons

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0003 Abanaki Corporation, Active Belt Oil Skimmers T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0009 Advanced Environmental Services, Inc., System 64MT Low-Temperature T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0019 AER Labs, Landtreat Process T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0029...

Technology Cost

The technology developer claims that the technology costs 20 to 40 yd3 to use. According to the technology developer, the technology can treat soils, sludges, and dredged sediments contaminated with organic contaminants at approximately 30 of the cost of thermal destruction or incineration (D10104I, pp. 2, 33). The technology was used in remedial operations at the following sites (see Case Study overview) Railroad Service Station (Hudson, NJ) cost 29 yd3 (total project cost of 350,000) to...

TABLE 1 Full Scale Cost Estimating for Surbec Environmental LLC Soil Washing Technology

Mass of soil to be treated (tons) Plant throughput capacity (tons hr) Treatment duration (weeks) Total project duration (weeks) Product (i.e., cleaned soil) management activities of this site is expected to cost between 328 and 460 m3 of soil treated. This would result in an approximate savings of 25,000,000 over the excavation-packaging-landfilling treatment option (D193684, pp. 6, 7 D19849G, p. 6). According to the vendor, a pilot-scale soil washing system was used in Duphar, The Netherlands,...

Benzene

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0020 Aeration Basins General T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0041 AP Technologies, Inc., Mercrobes Mercury Reduction Technology T0048 Aqualogy...

King Buck Technologies Inc Multi Mode Combustion Abstract

King, Buck Technologies, Inc.'s, MultiMode combustion (MMC) system treats volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from soil vapor extraction (SVE) operations. The sequential operation of a thermal oxidizer (ThermOx) followed by a catalytic oxidizer (CatOx) is the basic concept of the MMC system. The CatOx technology is discussed in a separate technology summary (T0780). This technology is currently commercially available. For thermal oxidation, due to the need to heat the mixture of air and...

TABLE 1 Cost Estimates for Perox Pure at Four Mixed Waste Sites

Unit Size Flow Rate Cost ( per (kW) (gal min) 1000 gal) EG& G Rocky Flats, Inc., 1988 groundwater Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1992, wastewater Hanford Energy Works, 1992, wastewater National Institute of Health Facility, 1994, Total O& M costs for bench-scale tests on TCE-contaminated groundwater from an industrial site in the southeastern United States were 1.07 per 1000 gal of treated groundwater. This figure included 0.53 for electricity priced at 0.048 kWh and 0.54 for hydrogen...

Naphthalene

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0035 American Combustion, Inc., Pyretron Thermal Destruction System T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0084 Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Gas-Phase Corona Reactor T0092 Billings and Associates, Inc., Subsurface...

Energy Biosystems Corporation Biocatalytic Desulfurization Abstract

Energy Biosystems Corporation has developed a biocatalytic pilot plant that removes sulfur from crude oil. The biocatalyst is based on a soil bacterium isolated for its ability to selectively desulfurize fossil fuels. The relevant genes from these bacteria have been isolated and are being manipulated and transferred to alternative microbial hosts to increase expression of the desired properties. This leads to increased efficiency of the process. Currently, this technology is being optimized for...

SBP Technologies Inc Solid Phase Bioremediation Abstract

Solid-phase bioremediation is an ex situ treatment technology for soil and sediment contaminated with total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and phenols, including pentachlorophenol (PCP). The contaminated soil is processed through a specially designed machine that shreds the soil and adds compost material. Nutrients, water, and specialized microorganisms may be added to achieve the proper moisture level and inorganic nutrient level for optimum...

Carbon Tetrachloride

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0063 Argonne National Laboratory, In-Well Sonication T0065 Argonne National Laboratory, Remediation Using Foam Technology T0069 ARS Technologies, Inc., Ferox, Reduction of Chlorinated Organics in the Vadose Zone T0084 Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Gas-Phase Corona Reactor T0087 Battelle Pacific Northwest...

Ring Substituted Aromatics

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0029 Alternative Technologies for Waste, Inc., Detoxifier In Situ Steam Hot-Air Stripping Unit T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor (or Sonic Grinder) T0053 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Inc., STRATEX (Stratified Temperature Extractor) T0055 Arctech, Inc., Bioremediation Solid Phase T0056...

Disubstituted and Polysubstituted Benzene Hydrocarbons

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 Allied Signal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0049 Aqualogy...

TABLE 1 NViro Costs at Various Facilities

Operations and Maintenance Cost Plus per Wet Ton Middlesex, New Jersey Onondaga County, New York Ft. Meade, Florida Toledo, Ohio Anderson, Indiana Leamington, Ontario, Canada Athens, Tennessee 31.29 (includes distribution and marketing cost) combination of high pH, heat, and drying. The final product, N-Viro soil, is a soil-like material that is being used as an agricultural lime substitute, soil amendment, and soil substitute. This technology is currently commercially available. According to...

Ethyl Chloride Chloroethane

T0138 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Perox-Pure T0161 Chemical Oxidation General T0248 ENERGIA, Inc., Reductive Photo-Dechlorination (RPD) T0258 ENSR International Group, Anaerobic Biotransformation with Steam Injection T0271 EnviroMetal Technologies, Inc., EnviroMetal Process T0355 Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) General T0367 Harding ESE, Inc., In Situ Vadose Zone Soil Treatment T0374 Horizontal Technologies, Inc., Linear Containment Remediation System T0401 Imbibitive Technologies Corporation...

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

T0003 Abanaki Corporation, Active Belt Oil Skimmers T0009 Advanced Environmental Services, Inc., System 64MT Low-Temperature T0019 AER Labs, Landtreat Process T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0029 Alternative Technologies for Waste, Inc., Detoxifier In Situ Steam Hot-Air Stripping Unit T0032 Alzeta Corporation, EDGE Thermal Processing Units T0036 American Soil Technologies, Inc., Bio-Spin T0047 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality NutriBac T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc.,...

Toxaphene Chlorinated Camphor

TGGG1 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk TGG71 ASTEC, Inc. SPI Division, Low-Temperature Thermal Desorption with Heat Recovery TG114 Bioremediation Technology Services, Inc., BTS Method TG135 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Activated Carbon TG32G Funderburk & Associates, Solidification Process TG354 Grace Bioremediation Technologies, Daramend Bioremediation Technology TG355 Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) General TG389 HyroScience, Inc., Hydrolytic Terrestrial Dissipation TG416 Intech One...

TABLE 1 ORC Saturated Zone Source Treatment versus Pump and Treat and Air Sparging with Soil Vapor Extraction SVE in

Cost Category ORC Pump and Treat Air Sparging w SVE aThe ORC system is designed to treat a plume with a peak BTEX concentration of 25 ppm and close the site in 1 year. The values for the air sparging system were derived independently by the site consultant and site closure is expected in 3 years (D13823I). aThe ORC system is designed to treat a plume with a peak BTEX concentration of 25 ppm and close the site in 1 year. The values for the air sparging system were derived independently by the...

DDT Trichlorochlorophenyl4 bis Ethane

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0114 Bioremediation Technology Services, Inc., BTS Method T0121 BioSystems Technology, Inc., Chlorinated Solvent Remediation (CSR) T0124 BioTrol, Inc., Soil Washing Technology T0135 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Activated Carbon T0168 CleanSoil, Inc., The CleanSoil Process T0173 Commodore Applied Technologies, Inc., Solvated Electron Technology (SET) T0242 ELI Eco Logic International, Inc., Gas-Phase Chemical Reduction (GPCR) T0343 Georgia Institute of...

Pesticides Pesticides Herbicides

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0010 Advanced Manufacturing and Development, Inc., Advanced Bio-Gest System T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0044 Applied Natural Sciences, Inc., TreeMediation T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor (or Sonic Grinder) T0055 Arctech, Inc., Bioremediation Solid Phase T0056 Arctech, Inc., Light-Activated Reduction of Chemicals...

Volatile Organic Compounds

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0006 ADTECHS Corporation, E-Process T0009 Advanced Environmental Services, Inc., System 64MT Low-Temperature T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0020 Aeration Basins General T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental...

Methylene Chloride Dichloromethane

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0070 ARS Technologies, Inc., Pneumatic Fracturing Extraction T0114 Bioremediation Technology Services, Inc., BTS Method T0125 BioTrol, Inc., Methanotropic Bioreactor System T0127 Blast Fracturing General T0135 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Activated Carbon T0136 Calgon Carbon Oxidation...

Trichloroethene Trichloroethylene TCE

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0029 Alternative Technologies for Waste, Inc., Detoxifier In Situ Steam Hot-Air Stripping Unit T0032 Alzeta Corporation, EDGE...

Ex Situ Plasma Vitrification

Some ex situ nontransferred arc plasma vitrification systems that are summarized in the RIMS database are the Plasma Energy Applied Technology (PEAT, Inc.) thermal destruction and recovery (TDR) system (T0594), the Retech Incorporated plasma arc centrifugal treatment system (T0660), the MeltTran Ultimate Solution (T0505), Refranco Corporation sustained shock thermal plasma (T0648), and the ITEX plasma arc continuous-flow furnace (T0814). Cost estimate information is provided...

Separation Dynamics Inc Extran Abstract

EXTRAN is a separation technology designed to continuously clean the fluid in an aqueous parts washer. The technology separates free oil, emulsified oil, and particles from parts washing Corporation, 1996 Corporation, 1996 Corporation, 1996 water. A slip stream of contaminated parts washing fluid is continuously filtered out of the parts washing system to be treated. After treatment, cleaned water and soluble detergents are returned to the washer. According to the vendor, the technology has...

Alkanes and Cyclic Alkanes

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0024 Air Stripping General T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0032 Alzeta Corporation, EDGE Thermal Processing Units T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0071 ASTEC, Inc. SPI Division, Low-Temperature Thermal Desorption with Heat Recovery T0084 Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Gas-Phase Corona Reactor T0100 BioGenesis Enterprises, Inc., Soil Remediation and Cleaning Products T0102...

Benzene Toluene Ethylbenzene And Xylene Btex

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor (or Sonic Grinder) T0067 Ariel Industries, Inc., Ariel SST Low-Temperature Thermal Desorber...

Polycyclic Hydrocarbons Nonalternant Compounds With Fused Rings

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0002 7-7, Inc., Liquefication Process T0009 Advanced Environmental Services, Inc., System 64MT Low-Temperature Thermal Desorption T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0034 American Biotherm, L.L.C., Biotherm Process T0035 American Combustion, Inc., Pyretron Thermal Destruction System T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality...

Benzene and Monosubstituted Benzene Hydrocarbons

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0020 Aeration Basins General T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment T0033 Ambient Engineering, Inc., BIOTON T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0041...

Polychlorinated Biphenyls PCBs Aroclor

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor (or Sonic Grinder) T0053 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Inc., STRATEX (Stratified Temperature Extractor) T0055 Arctech, Inc., Bioremediation Solid Phase T0056 Arctech, Inc., Light-Activated Reduction of Chemicals (LARC) T0058 Arctic Foundations, Inc.,...

Chromate Ion Hexavalent Chromium

T0004 Activated Alumina General T0040 Andco Environmental Processes, Inc., Electrochemical Iron Generation T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0066 Argonne National Laboratory, Transuranium Extraction (TRUEX) Process T0080 Battelle Memorial Institute, Electroacoustic Dewatering T0081 Battelle Memorial Institute, Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Metals (LLX) T0127 Blast Fracturing General T0148 CBA Environmental Services, Inc., Mobile Injection Treatment Unit...

Cadmium

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0015 Advanced Recovery Systems, Inc., DeHg T0022 Aero-Terra-Aqua Technologies Corporation, Aqua-Fix T0040 Andco Environmental Processes, Inc., Electrochemical Iron Generation T0042 Applied Environmental Services, Inc., Asphaltic Metals Stabilization T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0062 Argonne National Laboratory, Ceramicrete Stabilization Technology...

TABLE 2 Cost Comparison between Phytoremediation and Other Remediation Technologies

Contaminant Phytoremediation Costs Technologies Petroleum hydrocarbons 10 acres lead-contaminated land Solvents in groundwater (2.5 acres) Radionuclides in surface water 1 hectare to 15 cm in depth (various contaminants) initial maintenance costs) 2 to 6 per 1000 gal treated 2,500 to 15,000 Source Adapted from D177815 and D22523A. TABLE 3 Cost Comparison between Phytoextraction of Metals and Other Treatment Options TABLE 3 Cost Comparison between Phytoextraction of Metals and Other Treatment...

Polycyclic Hydrocarbons Nonalternant Compounds with Five Fused Rings

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0099 BioGenesis Enterprises, Inc., Soil and Sediment Washing Process T0124 BioTrol, Inc., Soil Washing Technology T0142 Carlo Environmental Technologies, Inc., Medium-Temperature Thermal T0154 CF Systems Corporation, Liquefied Gas Solvent Extraction T0159 Charbon Consultants, HCZyme T0171 CMI Corporation, Enviro-Tech Thermal Desorption...

Tetrachloroethene Perchloroethylene PCE

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment (BAT) System T0029 Alternative Technologies for Waste, Inc., Detoxifier In Situ Steam Hot-Air T0044 Applied Natural Sciences, Inc., TreeMediation T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor (or Sonic Grinder) T0052 ARCADIS...

Dioxin and Related Compounds

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0053 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Inc., STRATEX (Stratified Temperature Extractor) T0090 Beco Engineering Company, Alka Sorb T0099 BioGenesis Enterprises, Inc., Soil and Sediment Washing Process T0138 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Perox-Pure T0143 Carson Environmental, Low-Temperature Oxidation T0145 Caswan Environmental Services, Ltd., Thermal Distillation and Recovery T0147 Catalytic Oxidation...

Dibromoethane 12 Ethylene Dibromide

T0063 Argonne National Laboratory, In-Well Sonication T0069 ARS Technologies, Inc., Ferox, Reduction of Chlorinated Organics in the T0127 Blast Fracturing General T0138 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Perox-Pure T0161 Chemical Oxidation General T0271 EnviroMetal Technologies, Inc., EnviroMetal Process T0311 FOREMOST Solutions, Inc., Bioluxes and BioNet T0318 FRX, Inc., Hydraulic Fracturing T0355 Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) General T0371 High Voltage Environmental Applications, Inc., High-Energy...

Zinc

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0015 Advanced Recovery Systems, Inc., DeHg T0022 Aero-Terra-Aqua Technologies Corporation, Aqua-Fix T0023 Affinity Water Technologies, Advanced Affinity Chromatography T0040 Andco Environmental Processes, Inc., Electrochemical Iron Generation T0042 Applied Environmental Services, Inc., Asphaltic Metals Stabilization T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0076...

Chlorine Ionic Species Chlorides

T0016 Advanced Separation Technologies, Inc., ISEP Continuous Contactor T0158 CH2M Hill, Phytoremediation-based Systems T0229 Edenspace Systems Corporation, Hyperaccumulation of Metals T0236 Electrokinetic Remediation General T0329 General Atomics, Supercritical Water Oxidation T0430 ISOTRON Corporation, Electrokinetic Decontamination Process T0471 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Carbon Aerogel Capacitive Deionization of Water T0531 Mirage Systems, Inc., ChemChar Process T0543 Naiad...

Simple Aromatic Nitro Compounds

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0055 Arctech, Inc., Bioremediation Solid Phase T0112 Bioremediation of Explosives Contaminated Soil General T0113 Bioremediation Service, Inc., AquaPlant Biofilter System T0114 Bioremediation Technology Services, Inc., BTS Method T0135 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Activated Carbon T0136 Calgon...

TABLE 1 Vendor Cost Comparisons for Polychlorinated Biphenyls PCBs and Radionuclides dollars per square foot

Next I inch 1.5-3 Transportation and Disposal Source Adapted from D14280D, p. 15. aCosts converted from dollars per 10,000 square feet to dollars per square foot. facility were 4.60 ft2. Total costs for the project were just under 50,000. See Case Study 1 for more details (D140636 D140658, p. 2). A 200-ft2 mobile TechXtract processing unit reportedly had an initial capital cost of 42,000. This unit was capable of processing up to 10,000 lb of contaminated solids per day. Operation and...

Regenesis Bioremediation Products Inc Hydrogen Release Compound HRC Abstract

Regenesis Bioremediation Products, Inc., offers a proprietary Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC ) as a method of increasing the in situ anaerobic degradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs). HRC is a polylactate ester formulated to release lactic acid upon hydration. The lactic acid is metabolized by anaerobic microbes. This process releases hydrogen gas that is used by reductive dehalogenators to dechlorinate the targeted hydrocarbons. The technology has been field tested and is...

Sulfur Compounds And Ions

T0130 Bohn Biofilter Corporation, Bohn Off-Gas Treatment T0144 Carus Chemical Company, CAIROX Potassium Permanganate T0161 Chemical Oxidation General T0251 Energy Biosystems Corporation, Biocatalytic Desulfurization T0340 Geo-Microbial Technologies, Inc., Heteroatom Extraction Technology T0355 Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) General T0463 Klean Earth Environmental Company (KEECO, Inc.), KB-SEA T0470 Lambda Bioremediation Systems, Inc., Bioremediation T0491 MACTEC, Inc., Chemical Oxidation...

Super All Products Inc Super All 38 Abstract

SuperAll 38 is a blend of ionic surfactants designed to break down hydrocarbon contaminants into microscopic particles. According to the vendor, it can be used for spill control, bioremediation, and tank degassing and cleaning. When used for bioremediation, it increases the bioavailability of hydrocarbon contaminants, thereby increasing their rate of natural biodegradation. In this manner, SuperAll 38 may be used to benefit hydrocarbon landfarming operations and biopiles. This product is...

Intech One Eighty White Rot Fungus Abstract

Intech One-Eighty has researched the use of white-rot fungus to degrade organic contaminants in soils, sludges, and sediments. White-rot fungi are a group of naturally occurring organisms that obtain nutrients through an enzyme reaction that degrades lignin, a structural component of wood. The enzymes secreted by these organisms are nonspecific and have been shown to degrade many recalcitrant organic contaminants, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pentachlorophenol (PCP),...

Pyrovac International Inc Pyrocycling Process Abstract

The Pyrocycling process is a vacuum pyrolysis-based technology. The process involves thermally decomposing waste feedstock into pyrolytic oils suitable for petroleum reprocessing or other uses. According to the vendor, pyrolysis under vacuum reduces the amount of secondary degradation products that would occur during atmospheric pressure pyrolysis. As a result, pyrolytic products are of high quality and can be reintroduced into the economy. The Pyrocycling process is a commercially available...

Abstract

Inipol EAP-22 is an oleophilic (oil-preferring) fertilizer that is applied to oil spills and hydrocarbon-contaminated sediments, soils, or sludges in order to stimulate bioremediation. Hydrocarbon biodegradation is limited in nature by temperature and the availability of oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Most oil spills occur on the water or land surface. In these situations, oxygen is not a limiting factor. The fertilizer Inipol EAP-22 increases the rate of natural biodegradation by providing...

Chloroform Trichloromethane

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer (MPP) T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In Situ Reactive Zones Using Molasses T0070 ARS Technologies, Inc., Pneumatic Fracturing Extraction T0114 Bioremediation Technology Services, Inc., BTS Method T0125 BioTrol, Inc., Methanotropic Bioreactor System T0135 Calgon Carbon Corporation, Activated Carbon T0136 Calgon Carbon Oxidation...

International Process Systems Inc High Force Magnetic Separators Abstract

Magnetic separation is an ex situ physical separation technology that removes plutonium from contaminated soils. Magnetic separation works on the basis of differences in magnetic susceptibility. When particles encounter a strong magnetic field, those with an overall positive magnetic susceptibility (i.e., that are paramagnetic) are attracted toward the highest field gradient while those with an overall negative magnetic susceptibility (those that are diamagnetic) are repelled from the highest...

TABLE 1 Typical Operating Costs of the Rochem Disc Tube 1995

Maintenance Cost Unit Cost ( 1000 gal) Labor for membrane replacement 0.20 Source-. Adapted from D12813C, p. 1.5. to the leachate from the Central Landfill, operated at a 90 online efficiency factor of 90 , and recovered 75 of the permeate. The 3-gpm system cost 0.16 gal or permeate treated. The treatment costs for the 21-gpm Disc Tube system were 0.06 gal of permeate generated. Annualized equipment and consumables cost accounted for almost half of the total treatment costs. These estimates did...

Mirage Systems Inc Chem Char Process Abstract

The ChemChar process is a patented, ex situ method for the treatment of hazardous and mixed wastes using reverse-burn gasification. Organic components of the treated waste are converted to a combustible gas and a dry, inert solid. The solid can be mixed with cement to prevent leaching of radioactive or heavy-metal constituents retained in the char residue after gasification, or the solid can be further reduced by forward-burn gasification. The ChemChar process can be used to treat soil, sludge,...

Lead

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0016 Advanced Separation Technologies, Inc., ISEP Continuous Contactor T0022 Aero-Terra-Aqua Technologies Corporation, Aqua-Fix T0037 American Soil Technologies, Inc., CT-500 Chemical Stabilization System T0040 Andco Environmental Processes, Inc., Electrochemical Iron Generation T0042 Applied Environmental Services, Inc., Asphaltic Metals Stabilization T0052 ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, In...

International Landmark Environmental Inc Aminoplast Capillary Technology Abstract

The International Landmark Environmental, Inc., Aminoplast Capillary Technology (ACT) is an absorbent product for hydrocarbon and petroleum-based liquids. It can be used for contamination in soil or on surfaces, including liquid surfaces because the material is hydrophobic (will not absorb water) and floats. According to the vendor, ACT also has bioremediative characteristics, acting as a slow release fertilizer, encouraging microbe growth for the break down of toxic waste liquids. ACT is...

Lanthanides

T0005 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc., TechXtract T0066 Argonne National Laboratory, Transuranium Extraction (TRUEX) Process T0132 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biochemical Recovery of Radionuclides and T0200 Delphi Research, Inc., DETOX T0232 Eichrom Industries, Inc., Diphonix T0291 EnviroSource Technologies, Inc., Super Detox Process T0531 Mirage Systems, Inc., ChemChar Process T0535 Molten Metal Technology, Inc., Quantum Catalytic Extraction Process (Q-CEP) T0536 Molten Salt...

Rohm and Haas Company Ambersorb 600 Abstract

Ambersorb 600 is a carbonaceous adsorbent for removal of low levels of volatile organic compounds VOCs from vapor streams. The adsorbents are placed in a fluidized-bed adsorption system that can attain a high flow rate. Ambersorb 600 is a commercially available technol- The system includes an adsorption stage to collect and concentrate the VOCs using Amber-sorb 600 and a separate desorption stage that minimizes the thermal energy necessary to recover the concentrated VOCs. The desorbed...

Altex Technologies Corporation Bio Binder Activated Carbon BAC Abstract

BioBinder activated carbon BAC is being developed for recovering metals from waste streams. The technology is in the early testing stages of development and, as such, is not commercially available. Activated carbon AC is carbon that has been heated to high temperatures to develop a porous structure. The interior of these pores provides a considerable surface area onto which metals can be adsorbed. The extent to which AC can remove metals is a function of the amount of AC as well as porosity and...

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons With Two or Three Fused Rings

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer MPP T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment BAT System T0035 American Combustion, Inc., Pyretron Thermal Destruction System T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0065 Argonne National Laboratory, Remediation Using Foam Technology T0076...

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pah Pna

T0001 3M Company, 3M Empore Extraction Disk T0002 7-7, Inc., Liquefication Process T0009 Advanced Environmental Services, Inc., System 64MT Low-Temperature T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0017 Advanced Soil Technologies, Thermal Desorption T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer MPP T0034 American Biotherm, L.L.C., Biotherm Process T0035 American Combustion, Inc., Pyretron Thermal Destruction System T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics, Environmental Quality PetroKlenz T0051 ARC...

Unit 1620 Ethylene Recovery

All of the available cost information for the VaporSep technology comes from industrial applications. These costs may not be representative of costs for the remediation of hazardous wastes. Capital costs can vary between 30,000 and 300,000, depending on design of the system, its capacity, and the specific application D12740C, p. 1 . According to the vendor, the capital costs range from 400 to 1000 per standard cubic feet of influent gas per minute. The installed costs for a VaporSep designed to...

Toluene

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0012 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc., Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer MPP T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment T0033 Ambient Engineering, Inc., BIOTON T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0041 AP Technologies, Inc., Mercrobes Mercury Reduction Technology T0048 Aqualogy BioRemedics,...

Bismuth

T0076 B amp W Services, Inc., Cyclone Furnace Vitrification T0151 Ceramic Immobilization of Radioactive Wastes General T0390 IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc., SuperLig Ion Exchange Resins T0463 Klean Earth Environmental Company KEECO, Inc. , KB-SEA T0582 Onyx Industrial Services, SOIL EX T0622 Pressure Systems, Inc., Phoenix Ash Technology T0703 Selective Environmental Technologies, Inc., ACT DE CON T0704 Selective Environmental Technologies, Inc., MAG SEP T0709 Sevenson Environmental Services,...

Ethylbenzene

T0011 Advanced Microbial Solutions, SuperBio T0021 Aeromix Systems, Inc., BREEZE T0025 Akzo Nobel MPP Systems, Macro Porous Polymer MPP T0027 AlliedSignal Environmental Systems and Services, Inc., Biological Air Treatment BAT System T0039 AMETEK Rotron Biofiltration Products, Biocube Aerobic Biofilter T0051 ARC Sonics, Inc., Sonic Reactor or Sonic Grinder T0067 Ariel Industries, Inc., Ariel SST Low-Temperature Thermal Desorber T0068 Armstrong Laboratory Environics Directorate, Phase-Transfer...