References

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2 J.P. Seiler, Good Laboratory Practice. The Why and the How, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2001, x-395.

3 Ph. Quevauviller (Ed.), Quality Assurance in Environmental Monitoring. Sampling and Sample Pretreatment, VCH Weinheim, New York, NY, USA, 1995, xv-306.

4 IUPAC Technical Report, Pure Appl. Chem., 74(5) (2002) 835-855.

5 CITAC/Eurachem Guide: Guide to Quality in Analytical Chemistry - An Aid to Accreditation, 2002. Available at http://www.Eurachem.bam.de

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7 Eurachem Guide: Selection, use and interpretation of PT schemes by laboratories, 2000. Available at http://www.Eurachem.bam.de

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Immunochemical and Receptor Technologies: The Role of Immunoassay, Immunoaffinity Chromatography, Immunosensors and Molecularly Imprinted Polymeric Sensors

Marinel la Farre, Elena Martinez and Damia Barcelo

Contents 1. Introduction 92

2. Definitions and Concepts 93

3. Immunoassay Formats 95

4. Immunoassay Development 96

4.1 Hapten synthesis 96

4.2 Antibody production 99

4.3 Assay development and assay optimization 100

4.4 Validation 101

5. Immunochemical Technologies 101

5.1 Radioimmunoassays (RIAs) 102

5.2 Enzyme-based immunoassays (EIAs) 102

5.3 Fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) 105

5.4 Chemiluminescent magnetic immunoassay (CMIA) 106

5.5 Flow-injection immunoassay (FIIA) 107

5.6 Immunoaffinity chromatography 107

5.7 Immunosensors 107

6. Biomimics: Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) 113

6.1 MIPs in preparation/preconcentration and separative applications 118

6.2 Development and application of MIP-based sensors 120

7. Commercial Instrumentation and Future Perspectives 122 References 125

Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Volume 51 © 2008 Elsevier B.V.

ISSN: 0166-526X, DOI 10.1016/S0166-526X(08)00004-4 All rights reserved.

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