Water quality

2.3.1 Directives for water quality

The Directive 75/440/EEC claims that surface water shall be assumed to conform to the relevant parameters if samples of this water taken at regular intervals at the same sampling point and used in the abstraction of drinking water, show that it complies with the parametric values for the water quality in question, in the case of 95% of the samples for parameters conforming to those specified and 90% of the samples in all other cases, and if in the case of the 5 or 10% of the samples which do not comply (a) the water does not deviate from the parametric values in question by more than 50%, except for temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and microbiological parameters, (b) there can be no resultant danger to public health and (c) consecutive water samples taken at statistically suitable intervals do not deviate from the relevant parametric values. The definition of the standard methods of treatment for transforming surface water of categories A1, A2 and A3 into drinking water includes Category A1 (simple physical treatment and disinfection, e.g., rapid filtration and disinfection), Category A2 (normal physical treatment, chemical treatment and disinfection, e.g., pre-chlorination, coagulation, flocculation, decantation, filtration, disinfection) and Category A3 (intensive physical and chemical treatment, extended treatment and disinfection, e.g., chlorination to break-point, coagulation, flocculation, decantation, filtration, adsorption, disinfection).

With regard to Directive 79 /923/EEC Member States (a) shall within a two year period following the notification of this Directive, designate shellfish waters, (b) may subsequently make additional designations, (c) may revise the designation of certain waters owing in particular to factors unforeseen at the time of designation and (d) shall establish programs in order to reduce pollution and to ensure that designated waters conform to the values set by the Member States, within six years following designation. Where the competent authority records that the quality of designated waters is appreciably higher than that which would result from the application of the values set, the frequency of the sampling may be reduced.

According to Directive 98/83/EC, Member States may exempt from the provisions of this Directive the water intended exclusively for those purposes for which the competent authorities are satisfied that the quality of the water has no influence, either directly or indirectly, on the health of the consumers

Table 9 Regulations (main points and comments) for labeling


Main points


Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89 (entry into force 15/6/1989) General rules on the definition, description and presentation of spirit drinks

Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 (entry into force 17/6/1991) Laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of aromatized wine, aromatized wine-based drinks and aromatized wine-product cocktails.

Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 (entry into force 24/7/1993) Protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs

The minimum alcoholic strength by volume below which a product may not be marketed in the territory of the EU is laid down. Addition of specific substances to the products.

Three categories of drinks according to their wine content, their alcoholic strength, and whether they contain added alcohol.

No application to wine products or to spirit drinks. Names that have become generic may not be registered.

To be eligible to use a protection of designation of origin (PDO) or a protection of geographical indications (PGI) an agricultural product or foodstuff must comply with a specification.


Regulation (EEC) No 3280/92 (entry into force 16/11/1992) Addition to an article.

Regulation (EEC) No 3378/94 (entry into force 1/1/1995) Addition of articles.


Regulation (EEC) No 3279/92 (entry into force 16/11/1992) Regulation (EC) No 3378/94 (entry into force 1/1/1995) Regulation (EC) No 2061/96 (entry into force 3/11/1996) Addition and replacement of articles.


Regulation (EC) No 535/97 (entry into force 15/4/1997) Regulation (EC) No 1068/97 (entry into force 28/6/1997) Regulation (EC) No 2796/2000 (entry into force 10/1/2001) Completion of articles.

Regulation (EEC) No 2200/96 (entry into force 1/1/1997) Labeling of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Marketing standard for fresh fruits and vegetable. Laying down a list of fresh fruits and vegetable.

Table 9 (Continued)


Main points


Regulation (EC) No 2815/98 (entry into force 3l/l0/200l) Marketing standards for olive oil.

Regulation (EC) No 1439/99 (entry into force 14/9/1999) Marketing standards for wine

Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 (entry into force 14/8/2000) Establishment of a system for the identification and registration of bovine animals and regarding the labeling of beef and beef products

Regulation (EC) No 1321/2002 (entry into force 1/8/2002) Marketing standards for poultry meat

Regulation (EC) No 318/2003 (entry into force 25/2/2003) Certain marketing standards for eggs.

The designation of origin shall relate to a geographical area. The ''extra virgin olive oil'' and ''virgin olive oil'' which shall be packaged in an establishment approved for that purpose. Labeling is compulsory and it contains information about the origin of wine. Categories of wine and rules for the marketing standards.

Every Member State must set up a cattle identification and registration system. Compulsory labeling of beef and beef products.

Mark of designation of origin for fresh and frozen poultry meat only in the case of imports from countries out of the Community. Inspections for designation of origin in the packaging plants.

Obligatory sign of designation of origin on eggs packaging originated from a third country. Inspections in the plants of packaging.



• Addition for traceability, labeling and controls of bovine animals and their products (entry into force 1/9/2000)


concerned and water intended for human consumption from an individual supply providing less than 10 m3 a day as an average or serving fewer than 50 persons, unless the water is supplied as part of a commercial or public activity. All the Directives related to water quality are given in Table 10.

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