Energy Demand in Emerging Economies and Nuclear Power

The increasing global energy demand will put great pressure in fossil fuel resources. In order to meet this challenging energy demand, India and China have been attracted towards building nuclear power plants. Recent agreement between India and the U.S., in order to develop nuclear power for civil purposes, has opened up an opportunity for India to become a nuclear power intensive country in the region (BBC 2006). As a matter of fact, India already has several nuclear power facilities producing 2550 MWe and 3622 MWe under construction. China has also developed nuclear energy for power generation and has 5977 MWe as of December 31, 2003. By the end of 2007, 9GWe was attributed to nuclear energy in 11 nuclear power plants (WNA, 2010). Additional reactors are planned, including some of the world's most advanced, to give a sixfold increase in nuclear capacity to at least 60 GWe or possibly more by 2020, and then a further substantial increase to 160 GWe by 2030.

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