Triethanolamine TEA

Triethanolamine (TEA) is both a tertiary amine and a tri-alcohol and has a molecule with three hydroxyl groups. Triethanolamine acts as a weak base due to the lone pair on the nitrogen atom. It also decomposes with heating and produces toxic and corrosive gases including nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide.

By-products of these reactions such as formaldehyde, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and formic acids have other health hazards and dangerous effects on the human body, and this chain is not going to break at any stage.

Keeping the above explanations in mind, it is thought that natural gas processing and the transportation industry would be earnestly looking for safer alternatives to these chemicals, but the contrary is the fact. The industry is moving very slowly, if at all, in responding to this problem. The reluctance of the oil and gas industry to switch from conventional inhibitors has many reasons. At present the only alternatives are the low dosage inhibitors, but the problem is that these inhibitors are more suitable for milder environments in terms of pressure and temperature, and they would lose their efficiency in harsher environments. The use of these chemicals is not in concordance with the environmental safety standards. According to the HSSA syndrome, new chemicals are likely to be more toxic than their previous versions (Zatzman 2007).

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