References

US EPA, Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum Report No. EPA 630 R-92 001, Washington, DC, USA, 1992. 2. P.M. Chapman and F. Wang, Human Ecol. Risk Assess., 2000, 6, 965. 3. US EPA, Framework for Inorganic Metals Risk Assessment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum Report No. EPA 630 P-04 068B, Washington, DC, USA, 2004. 4. EURAS, Metal Risk Assessment Guidance Document Background Document, EURAS, Ghent,...

What are we Trying to Protect

The purpose of environmental risk assessment is to inform the decision-making process. Therefore the first and most fundamental question that must be addressed when embarking on an environmental risk assessment is 'What are the protection goals '. In other words, what are we trying to protect and over what temporal and spatial scales For human risk assessment, the protection goal is the individual human being. However, the focus of an environmental risk assessment may range from the survival of...

What is the EU Legislative Framework

Current EU chemicals legislation distinguishes between the 100,106 chemicals that were placed in the market before 1981 (i.e. 'existing' chemicals) and appoximately 2700 chemicals introduced since 1981 (i.e. 'new' chemicals). Whereas 'new' chemicals produced at volumes of 10 kg year must be assessed for possible risks to the environment, there are no such provisions for 'existing' chemicals. An assessment of environmental risk is required only for those 'existing' chemicals that are identified...