Phytotonic Effects of Neonicotinoids

Plant growth and productivity, as well as product quality, are greatly influenced by the environmental stress factors to which plants are continuously exposed.102 Stress impairs the energy balance of crops, resulting in more energy consumption for cell repair and less energy generation for growth. The optimal growth, development and maximum yield potential are therefore considered far from that achieved in the field or greenhouse (see Figure 4.11).

In recent years, it was found that some members of the systemic neonicoti-noid insecticide class, such as imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiamethoxam, show phytotonic or plant stimulating effects.

Potential yield Potential yield n

Figure 4.11 Due to multiple stress factors, crops do not reach the maximum yield potential. (Source: Bayer CropScience).
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