Abbreviations

AAS

Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

ACC

Acid Consuming Capacity

ACR

Acute-Chronic Ratio

AE

Assimilation Efficiency

AES

Atomic Emission Spectrometry

APP

Acid Producing Potential

ASV

Anodic Stripping Voltametry

AVS

Acid Volatile Sulphide

BAF

Bioaccummulation Factor

BCR

EC Bureau for Chemical Reference

Materials

BET-method

method to assess the specific surface area

of solids by nitrogen absorption

BIOMET

Bacterial Metal-lux Biosensor

BLM

Biotic Ligand Model

C&D

Construction and Demolition Waste

CA

Component Additivity approach

CBC

Copper Binding Compound (co-factor

protein)

CCM

Capacitance Model

Ce

effective concentration

CEC

Cation Exchange Capacity

CEN TC

European Committee for Standardization

Technical Committee

CRM

Certified Reference Material

CSV

Cathodic Stripping Voltametry

DDL

Diffused Doubler-Layer model

DGT

Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films method

DIN

Deutsche IndustrieNorm

DLM

Diffusive Layer Model

DM

Dry Matter

DOC

Dissolved Organic Carbon

DOM

Dossolved Organic Matter

DPV/SV

Differential Pulse Voltametry/Stripping

Voltametry

DS

Dry Substance

380

Metals in Society and in the Environment

DTMP

Degree of Trace Metal Pyritization

DTPA

DiethyleneTriaminePentaAcetic acid

dw

dry weight

EC

European Commission

EC50

Effect Concentration to 50% of organisms

EDS

Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy

EDTA

EthyleneDiaminetetraAcetic acid

EDXA

Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis

Eh

redox potential

ELV

End-of-Life Vehicles

EM

Electrophoretic Mobility

EqP

Equilibrium Partitioning

ERM

Effective Range Mean Concentration

ESR

Electron Spin Resonance

EU

European Union

EXAFS

Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure

analysis

FIAM

Free Ion Activity Model

foe

Organic Carbon fraction in the sediment

GC

Generalized Composite approach

GEMS

Guidelines for Environmental Monitoring

Systems

GSIM

Gill Surface Interaction Model

HC50

Hazardous Concentration to 50% of

organisms

HDMT

Helmke-Donnan Membrane Technique

HMW

High Molecular Weight

HPLC

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

HW

Hazardous Waste

ICA

International Copper Association

ICMM

International Council on Mining and

Metals

ICP-MS

Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass

Spectrometry

ICSG

International Copper Study Group

IPCS

International Programme on Chemical

Safety

IRB

Iron Reducing Bacteria

ISE

Ion-Selective Electrode

Abbreviations

381

IW

Industrial Waste

IW

Interstitial Water

IWTU

Interstitial Water Toxic Unit

kBq

kilo Bequerel (measure of radioactivity)

kd

distribution coefficient

koc

Organic Carbon based partition coefficient

kt

kilo (thousand) tons

KTH

Royal Technical University, Stockholm

(Kungliga Tekniska Högskola)

LA50

Lethal Activity to 50% of organisms

LBRL

Lowest Biological Risk Level

LC50

Lethal Concentration to 50% of organisms

LOEC

Lowest-Observed-Effect Concencentration

LOI

Loss On Ignition

Men+

free metal ion concentration

MFA

Material Flow Analysis

MFG

MiljöforskarGruppen

MINTEQA2 and

Water-Ligand Geochemical Computer

MINTEQ

Models

MITF

Metal Information Task Force

MSW

Municipal Solid Waste

Mt

Million tons

MW

Molecular Weight

NEM

Non-Electrostatic Model

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

NOEC

No-Observed-Effect Concentration

NOM

Natural Organic Matter

NPK

Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Pottasium mineral

fertilizer

OC

Organic Carbon

OCEE

Optimal Concentration Range for Essential

Elements

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation

and Development

OM

Organic Matter

PAH

PolyAromated Hydrocarbons

PCA

Principal Component Analysis

PCB

PolyCyclic Biphenolic Compounds

PDI

Predicted Daily Intake

382

Metals in Society and in the Environment

PEC

Predicted Environmental Concentration

PHIEP

isoelectric point

pHpzc

point-of-zero-charge

pK

dissociation constant

PLS

Partial Least Squares projection

PNEC

Predicted No-Effect Concentration

POM

Particulate Organic Matter

PW

Pore Water

ROS

Refractory Organic Substances

RT

Residence Time

SC

Surface Complexation

SCDA

Scandinavian Copper Development

Association

SEC

Size Exclusion Chromatography

SEK

Swedish Crowns

SEM

Scanning Electron Microscopy

SEM

Simultaneously Extracted Metals

SEP

Sequential Extraction Procedure

SEPA

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

SFA

Substance Flow Analysis

SGU

Swedish Geological Survey

SIMS

Selective Ion Mass Spectroscopy

SMAV

Species Mean Acute Value (geometric

mean of LC50 values for a given species)

SOFIE

Sediment Or Fauna Incubation

Experimental systems

SOM

Soil Organic Matter

SQC

Sediment Quality Criteria

SQG

Sediment Quality Guideline

SQV

Sediment Quality Value

SRB

Sulphate Reducing Bacteria

SS

Sewage Sludge

SSD

Species Sensitivity Distribution

STAF-Europe

Stocks and Flows Europe

STP

Sewage Treatment Plant

SWAMP

Sediment Water Algorithm for Metal

Partitioning

Tc

soil-plant transfer coefficient

TDI

Tolerable Daily Intake

Abbreviations

383

TEM

Transmission Electron Microscopy

TI

Toxicity Index

TLM

Triple Layer Model

TOC

Total Organic Carbon

TRS

Total Reducible Sulphide

TSS

Total Suspended Solids

TU

Toxic Unit (1 TU = 100/EC50)

UNESCO

United Nations Educational Programme

USD

US Dollar

USEPA

US Environmental Protection Agency

WEEE

Waste from Electrical and Electronic

Equipment

WHAM

Windermere Humic-Aqueous Model

WHAM-SCAMP

geochemical speciation code

WHO

World Health Organisation

XANES

X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure

analysis

XAS

X-ray Absorption Spectrometry

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