M

Macoma balthica 225 mackinawite 188, 189, 190, 193, 210

macrobenthic organisms 314 macrobenthic species assemblages 269

malachite 102

manure 44-47, 110, 236-237,

261,264,355 marine (Dunaliella sp.) and freshwater alga (Scenedesmus sp.) 301 marine alga Emiliania huxleyi 301

marine bivalves (green mussel)

Perna viridis 269 mass balances 50, 261, 348 mass flow 56, 326

Materials Flow Analysis (MFA) 26

mathematical models 40 Maximum Tolerable

Concentration (MTC) of zinc in soft inland waters 291, 304 maximum trace metal concentrations in sludges in the EU 107

mayfly species Hexagenia rigida 320

membrane permeability 292 membrane stability 338 membrane transport proteins 270 mercury 1, 27, 51, 117, 174, 191,

272, 310, 316, 362 metabolically available metal 336 metal accumulation in aquatic invertebrates 336 metal assimilation efficiencies 226

metal-contaminated anoxic sediments 314 metal cycles 3, 21, 25, 27 metal depositon pattern 66 metal dissolution 204, 249 metal fluxes 4, 7, 11, 15, 21, 46, 49, 52-56, 59-60, 65-67, 86-87, 124,131-133, 207, 254, 359 metal loads 66-68, 106-107, 196,

259, 265 metal mobility 19, 152, 161, 235,

255, 263, 367 metal release rate 239 metal retention by ferric hydroxide 248 metal runoff 72, 74 metal sorption 'continuum' 256 metal speciation in sewage sludge or soils 264 metal speciation studies in groundwaters 160

metal stock 51, 52, 55, 56 metal supply from solid phases 242

metal uptake 12, 15, 114, 134, 150, 159, 195, 207, 216, 230, 238, 242-243, 266, 269, 308310,323,330 metal uptake in the crops 114 metal-biotic ligand (metal-BL)

complex 280 metal-EDTA complex 160 metal-fulvic acid complexes 322, 330

metallic Zn dust 263 metals adsorbed to the surface of AVS minerals possess different reaction kinetics than metals coprecipitated within the AVS matrix 193 metals in soils 232 metastable Fe oxihydroxides 192 microbial assays 322, 330, 333 microbial biosensors 271 microbial community 259 microenvironment 194, 285, 366, 373

microhabitats 172, 194 microorganisms 108-110, 117, 142, 161, 205, 244, 254, 260, 264, 323-327, 331-332, 338, 377

micropores 325 microscale 206 midge larvae 89, 95, 127, 180,

370 millerite 189 milling 28, 29, 30 mine water 121-127, 131 mineralization 118, 163, 165, 255, 327

mining 3, 5, 19, 21, 24, 28-29, 50, 120-125, 132-134, 178, 232, 251, 369 MINTEQ 158, 381 MINTEQA2 78, 83, 152, 162,

240, 269, 342, 381 mixed phosphoryl-Zn-carboxyl complexes 250 mixture toxicity 241 Mn oxide (birnessite) 245 mobility of sulphide 232 mobility of trace metals in a sludge treated soil 261 mobilization of chromium 265 moderately strong complexes 157 mold Penicillium chrysogonium 249

mollusk (Haliotis rufescens - the red abalone) 303 monitoring 106, 124, 127, 135,

141-142, 148, 269, 307 Monoporeia affinis 310, 315,

318-319, 351 mortality 179, 184-186, 264, 276, 280-281, 286, 291, 299-308, 312,317-318 motile benthic macrofauna 231 motor vehicle brakes 49 motor vehicle tyres 49 multi-generation toxicity 324 multinuclear surface complexes 256

multiple binding site models 235 multiple classes of Cu binding sites 247 multiple solid phases 150, 159 municipal solid waste 33 mussels 86, 88, 90-97, 137, 223,

225, 270, 310, 353 mycorrhizae 326

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