P

Partial Least Squares Projection to

Latent Structures 329 particulate metal forms 140 partitioning coefficients 11, 159,

196, 234-235 patina 76-77, 80, 364 patinated copper 76-78, 357, 364

Pb 40, 46, 86, 89-93, 97, 120, 143, 146, 150, 154, 158-163, 171, 175-182, 185-192, 198199, 203-213, 230-236, 239244, 248-249, 255, 264, 268, 270, 274, 277, 279, 308, 314, 318, 322, 331, 358, 361, 366, 369

PbS 188-190, 207-210, 317 PDI/TDI ratios 47 PEC/PNEC ratios 47 peepers 183

periphyton 225, 268, 343, 352 periphyton metal accumulation 268

pH dependence test 265 phosphate 197, 211, 232, 292,

325, 338 phosphorus 99, 105, 107, 111, 117, 120, 128-129, 206, 265 phosphoryl groups 250 physical sorption 169 physiological adaptive mechanism 262

physiological strategies 292 physiological surveys 130 phytoplankton 129, 151, 216,

277, 287, 337 phytotoxicity 245, 248, 325, 328, 361

plant copper 326 plant tissue concentrations 260, 322

plant uptake 234, 237-239, 242244,248, 264 plant-available Cu species 239 plant-uptake and bioavailability of certain trace elements 233 plumbing materials 57, 100-101 PNEC 41, 47, 296, 304, 324, 336, 382

point-of-zero-charge (pHPZC) 220

pollution control 314 polychaete worm Capitella capitata 175, 179 polychaetes 178, 182, 194 polymerization of Cu2+ hydroxy species 257 polysaccacharides 205 pools and fluxes 49 porewater 54, 158, 167-171, 174175, 180-189, 193-196, 202206, 210-213, 216, 221-225, 231-233, 244-245, 253-254, 262, 316-319, 325, 328-329, 332, 345, 354, 376 posnjakite 76

pot experiments 262-263, 322,

330, 239 precipitation 7, 61, 73-77, 80, 84, 101, 110, 125, 145, 167, 169, 171, 191, 193, 206, 236, 241, 247-248, 251-256, 318, 325 precipitation artifacts 191 Predicted Daily Intake 41, 381 Predicted Environmental Concentration 41, 381 Predicted No-Effect

Concentration 41, 382 predicting non-toxicity 180, 310, 313

predicting the reactivity of trace metals in aquatic sediments 193

predicting the toxicity of sediment-associated metals 172

prediction of chronic effect concentrations 304 predictor of soil Cu toxicity 326 predictors of acute toxicity 285 pre-exposure 320 preextraction spikes 191

preindustrial sediments 136, 200, 274

primary Zn species in wetland soils 251 production and consumption of refined zinc 24 production of nickel 22 protection levels for agricultural crops 326 pulse-feeding radioactive metal-

labeled particles 223 pyrite 122, 146, 170, 188, 192193, 197, 203, 207-210, 252255

pyrite oxidation 208, 253, 256 pyritization 208, 252 pyrophyllite 256 pyrrothite 189

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