Biology of Earthworms

Earthworm species are members of Oligochaeta, in the phylum Annelida. In particular, the Lumbricidae family includes well-known earthworms from temperate and tropical regions. So far, 20 families, 693 genera, and 3,700 species of earthworms have been identified, although there are generally considered to be around 6,000 species of earthworm (Fragoso et al. 1999; Lavelle and Spain 2001). Earthworms show a wide range of variation and their survival is usually restricted by ecological and environmental factors. On the other hand, wide earthworm diversity can be seen in small regions. For example, Turkey (area: 780,000 km2) hosts only 66 different species of soil earthworms (Omedo and Rota 1991), and among these, Dendrobaena veneta predominates (Misirlioglu 2008). However, a small island country located in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, Cyprus (area: 9,250 km2), hosts 15 species of Lumbricidae that are also distributed across Turkey, Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East, and the Caucasus, and also one species from the Acanthodrilidae family (Pavli ek and Csuzdi 2006).

Earthworms are terrestrial, aquatic or subaquatic animals that are capable of exchanging gases in their cuticles and extracting water from their surrounding environment, and so they therefore prefer to live in humid conditions. This is the way in which they obtain water for their digestion processes (Barois and Lavelle 1986; Daniel and Anderson 1992; Trigo and Lavelle 1993), and moisture content is the main factor that limits and influences earthworm activity and distribution. In dry seasons, earthworms can survive by entering a dormant state. To avoid the heat, most earthworms evacuate their digestive systems and curl up into a ball until moisture levels become high enough for them to continue their vital activities. Species like Polypheretima elongata move away from the dry soil layer, burrowing to a depth of 1-2 m. Some earthworm species that live in tropical rainforests are able to store water in their body and are thus less influenced by the arrival of dry seasons (Bouché 1977).

Body Detox Made Easy

Body Detox Made Easy

What exactly is a detox routine? Basically a detox routine is an all-natural method of cleansing yourbr body by giving it the time and conditions it needs to rebuild and heal from the damages of daily life and the foods you eat and other substances you intake. There are many different types of known detox routines.

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