About The Authors

Professor Ronald A. Bailey is an inorganic chemist whose research involves the synthesis of metal ion complexes and their spectroscopic and electrochemical behavior and structures in a variety of media. He became interested in environmental problems as a result of being asked about the complexing of metal ions in natural waters and sediments, and to provide assistance in explaining the chemistry involved in a proposed method for scrubbing stack gases. With this interest, he joined with other members of the Chemistry Department at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute to develop a course for advanced undergraduates, "Chemistry of the Environment," that became the impetus for this book.

Herbert M. Clark (Ph.D., Yale University), Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, worked on the Manhattan Project before joining the faculty at RPI, where he established a course in nuclear chemistry and a laboratory course in radiochemistry. The areas of his research include solvent extraction of inorganic substances, radioactive fallout and rainout, adsorption of fission products from aqueous solution, and aqueous chemistry of technetium. He has been a member of the Subcommittee on Radiochemistry of the Committee on Nuclear Science of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, and he has participated in major off-campus programs such as the evaluation of novel designs of nuclear power reactors along with methods for reprocessing their fuel and evaluation of methods for preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons. His publications include three co-authored textbooks.

Professor James P. Ferris became interested in the Earth's current environment as a result of his research on the origins of life and his interest in the atmospheric chemistry of Titan, the largest moon of Saturn. His investigations of the origins of life have led him to consider the organic chemistry that took place in the environment of the primitive Earth about 4 billion years ago when life is believed to have originated.

Professor Sonja Krause is a physical chemist whose research deals with the thermodynamics and physical properties of solutions of synthetic and natural polymers. She is especially interested in the effects of electric fields on these mixtures and solutions. She became interested in the climate history of the earth when she learned that Hannibal crossed the Alps with elephants and wondered how that was possible. When she found out that the climate was much warmer in those days than at present, she learned as much as she could about the processes that control climate and began working on part of the undergraduate course at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that led to this book.

Robert L. Strong is Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, where he was a physical chemist with research in photochemistry. A native of southern California, he became interested in the nature of photochemical smog and the types of processes that could lead to the very rapid daytime buildup of pollutants in the lower atmosphere. He was involved in establishing the course "Chemistry of the Environment" at RPI and taught parts of it for several years before retiring in 1992.

Table of Contents

Preface

About the Authors

1 Introduction

2 Atmospheric Composition and Behavior

3 Energy and Climate

4 Principles of Photochemistry

5 Atmospheric Photochemistry

6 Petroleum, Hydrocarbons, and Coal

7 Soaps, Synthetic Surfactants, and Polymers

8 Haloorganics and Pesticides

9 Chemistry in Aqueous Media

The Environmental Chemistry of Some Important

Elements

11 Water Systems and Water Treatment

12 The Earth's Crust

Properties and Reactions of Atomic Nuclei,

Radioactivity, and Ionizing Radiation

14 The Nuclear Environment

15 Energy

16 Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling App. A Designation of Spectroscopic States App. B Thorium and Actium Series

App. C Units

App. D Symbols and Abbreviations

Index

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