Additional Reading

Alpers, C. N., and D. W. Blowes, eds., Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation, ACS

Symposium Series 550. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994. Butcher, S. S., R. J. Charlson, G. H. Orians, and G. V. Wolfe, eds., Global Biogeochemical Cycles.

Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1992. Castellino, N., P. Castellino, and N. Sannolo, eds., Inorganic Lead Exposure: Metabolism and

Intoxication. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 1995. Chameides, W. L., and E. M. Perdue, Biogeochemical Cycles. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., 1997.

Kaim, W., and B. Schwederski, Bioinorganic Chemistry: Inorganic Elements in the Chemistry of

Life. Wiley, Chichester, U.K., 1994. Laws, E. A., Aquatic Pollution: An Introductory Text, 2nd ed. Wiley, New York, 1993.

32Several letters in Chemical and Engineering News (Feb. 13, 1995, p. 4), discuss the natural vs anthropogenic generation of HF and organochlorine compounds. Reliable estimates of the amounts produced from these sources are not available, but the evidence for a major role for anthropogenic production comes from low and stable organohalide levels in sediments prior to about 1940 and from preindustrial samples of organic materials, and from increasing stratospheric concentrations that do not correlate with increased volcanic release and whose altitude profiles are not consistent with volcanic sources.

Oehme, F. W., ed., Toxicity of Heavy Metals in the Enviromnment, Parts 1 and 2. Dekker, New York, 1978.

Schlesinger, W. H., Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1991.

Schnoor, J. L., Environmental Modeling: Fate and Transport of Pollutants in Water, Air and Soil.

Wiley, New York, 1996. Tessier, A., and D. R. Turner, Metal Speciation and Bioavailability in Aquatic Systems. Wiley, Chichester, U.K., 1995.

Thayer, J. S., Environmental Chemistry of the Heavy Elements: Hydrido and Organo Compounds.

VCH Publishers, New York, 1995. Trudinger, P. A., and D. J. Swaine, eds., Biogeochemical Cycling of the Mineral-Forming Elements. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1979.

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