Additional Reading


Jones, K. C., ed., Organic Contaminants in the Environment. Environmental Pathways and

Effects. Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1991, 338 pp. Larson, R. A., and Eric J. Weber, Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry.

CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994. Schwarzenbach, R. P., P. M., Gschwend, and D. M. Imboden, Environmental Organic Chemistry. Wiley, New York, 1993.

Thornton, J., Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health and a New Environment, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2000, 539 pp.


Ravishankara, A. R., and E. R. Lovejoy, Atmospheric lifetime, its application and determination: CFC-substitutes as a case study, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 90(15), 2159-2169 (1994).

Polychlorinated Biphenyls

Alexander, M., Biodegradation and Bioremediation, Chapter 13, Academic Press, Orlando FI, 1994.

Bunce, N. J., Environmental Chemistry, 3rd ed. Wuerz, Winnipeg, Canada, 1998. Waid, J. S., ed. PCBs and the Environment, Vol. I-III. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1986

Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Dibenzofurans

Altwicker, E. R., Formation of PCDD/F in municipal solid waste incinerators: Laboratory and modeling studies, J. Hazardous Mater., 47, 137-161 (1996). Bumb, R. R., and eleven others, Trace chemistries of fires: A source of chlorinated dioxins, Science, 210, 385-390 (1980).

Biodegradation of Chloroorganics

Boyd, S. A., M. D. Mikesell, and J.-F. Lee, Chlorophenols in soils, in Reactions and Movements of Organic Chemicals in Soils, B. L. Sawhney and K. Brown, eds. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, 1989.

Kuhn, E. P., and Suflita, J. M., Dehalogenation of pesticides by anaerobic microorganisms in soils and ground water—A review, in Reactions and Movements of Organic Chemicals in Soils, (B. L. Sawhney and K. Brown, eds)., pp. 111-180 Soil Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy, Madison WI, 1989.

Schwarzenbach, R. P., P. M., Gschwend, and D. M. Imboden, Biological Transformation Reactions, in Environmental Organic Chemistry, Schwarzenbach, Gschwend, and Imboden, eds., pp. 485-546. Wiley, New York, 1993.

Singh, V. P., Biotransformations: Microbial biodegradation of health-risk compounds, in Progress in Industrial Microbiology, Vol. 32. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1995.

Wackett, L. P., Dehalogenation reactions catalyzed by bacteria, in Biological Degradation of Wastes, A. M. Martin, ed., pp. 187-203. Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1991.

Toxicity of Chloroorganics

Hansen, L. G., Halogenated aromatic compounds, in Basic Environmental Toxicology, L. G.

Cockerham and B. S. Shane, eds. pp. 199-230. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994. Jefferies, D. J., The role of the thyroid in the production of sublethal effects by organochlorine insecticides and polychlorinated biphenyls, in Organochlorine Insecticides: Persistent Organic Pollutants, F. Moriarity, ed., pp. 131-230. Academic Press, New York, 1975. Moriarity, F., Ecotoxicology, pp. 109-115. Academic Press, New York, 1983. Peakall, D., p, p'-DDT: Effect on calcium metabolism and concentration of estradiol in the blood, Science 168, 529 (1970).

Environmental Hormones and Related Topics

Davis, D. L., and H. L. Bradlow, Can environmental estrogens cause breast cancer? Sei. Am. pp.

166-172, October 1995. Colburn, T., D. Dumanski, and J. P. Myers, Our Stolen Future. Are We Threatening Our Fertility,

Intelligenee and Survival? A Seientifie Deteetive Story. Dutton, New York, 1996. Hileman, B. Environmental estrogens linked to reproductive abnormalities, cancer, Chem. Eng.

News, pp. 19-23, Jan. 31, 1994. McLachlan, J. A., and S. A. Arnold, Environmental estrogens, Am. Sei., 84, 452-461 (September-October 1996).

Safe, S. E., Environmental and dietary estrogens and human health: Is there a problem? Environ. Health Perspeet. 103, 346-351 (1995).


Büchel, K. H., ed., Chemistry of Pestieides. Wiley, New York, 1983, 517 pp.

Duke, S. O., J. J., Mann, and J. R., Plimmer, eds., Pest Control with Enhaneed Environmental

Safety, ACS Symposium Series 524. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC 1993. Heitefuss, R., Crop and Plant Proteetion. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, U.K., 1989. Somasundaram, L. and J. R., Coats, eds., Pestieide Transformation Produets, ACS Symposium Series 459. American Chemical Society Washington, DC , 1990.

Insect Resistance to Pesticides

Brattsten, L. B., C. W. Holyoke Jr, J. R. Leeper, and K. F. Raffa, Inseetieide resistanee: Challenge to pest management and basie researeh, Seienee 231, 1255-60 (1986). Green, M. B., H. M. LeBaron, and W. K. Moberg, eds., Managing Resistanee to Agroehemieals,

ACS Symposium Series 412. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1990. National Research Council, Pestieide Resistanee, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1986.

Insect Pheromones

Carde, R. T., and A. K. Minks, Control of moth pests by mating disruption: Successes and constraints, Ann. Rev. Entomol., 40, 559-585 (1995). Jutsum, A. R., and R. F. S. Gordon, eds., Inseet Pheromones in Plant Proteetion. Wiley-Inter-

science, New York, 1989. Nordlund, D. A., R. L. Jones, and W. J. Lewis, eds., Semioehemieals: Their Role in Pest Control, Wiley, New York, 1981, pp. 306.

Biochemical Control of Insects

Duke, S. O., J. J. Menn, and J. R. Plimmer, eds., Pest Control with Enhaneed Environmental Safety, ACS Symposium Series 524. American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 1993.

Genetically Engineered Plants

Howse, P., I. Stevens, and O. Joves. Inseet Pheromones and Their Use in Pest Management. Chapman and Hall, London, 1998.

Wolfenbarger, L. L., and P. R. Phifer, The ecological risks and benefits of genetically engineered plants, Science, 290, 2088-2093 (2000).

Integrated Pest Management

Luttrell, R. G., G. P., Fitt, F. S. Ramahlo, and E. S. Sugonyaev, Cotton management: Part 1. A worldwide perspective, Ann. Rev. Entomol., 339, 517-526 (1994).

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