information to think about the answers to question 4 in Section 2.1. Winds, including the jet stream, occur mostly in the troposphere, but there must also be circulation patterns in the stratosphere to help distribute the ozone, which is produced mostly in the stratosphere above the tropics, to the regions above the poles.

Additional Reading (see also Chapter 3)

Calder, N., The Weather Machine. How Our Weather Works and Why It Is Changing. Viking, New York, 1974.

Deepak, A., ed., Atmospheric Aerosols. Their Formation, Optical Properties, and Effects. Spectrum Press, Hampton, VA, 1982.

The Enigma of Weather. A Collection of Works Exploring the Dynamics of Meteorological Phenomena. Scientific American, New York, 1994.

Finlayson-Pitts, B. J. and Pitts, J. N. Jr., Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere: Theory, Experiments, and Applications. Academic Press, New York, 2000.

Inadvertent Climate Modification. A Report on the Study of Man's Impact on Climate (SMIC). MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1971.

Macalady, D. L., ed., Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry. Oxford University Press, New York, 1998.

Schneider, S. H., and R. Londer, The Coevolution of Climate and Life. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1984.

Siskind, D. E., S. D. Eckerman, and M. E. Summers, eds., Atmospheric Science Across the Stratopause, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 2000.

U.S. Standard Atmosphere, 1962; and U.S. Standard Atmosphere Supplements, 1966. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Wayne, R. P., Chemistry of Atmospheres, 2nd ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.

Walker, J. C. G., Evolution of the Atmosphere. Macmillan, New York, 1977.

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