Louisiana

Louisiana has been conducting both syndromic and reporting surveillance of sickness complaints and exposure claims, as well as monitoring the environment (air, water, and seafood) with the goals of mitigating adverse effects related to exposure and ensuring that people do not become sick unnecessarily. As Jimmy Guidry explained, the state is also monitoring the health care provided to those who are potentially affected by exposure in order to ensure that people are receiving the right care. 92...

Human Reproduction and Child Development

Brenda Eskenazi, University of California, Berkeley Chemical exposures before conception, during gestation, and after birth can affect a child's health. Direct chemical exposures can occur to a fetus or a child across the placenta or by ingestion, inhalation, or dermal absorption. Overall, very little information is available for most of the chemical compounds in oil and for the chemical dispersants being used in the clean-up, said Brenda Eskenazi. This is especially true of chemical mixtures....

Psychological Impacts of Oil Spills The Exxon Valdez Disaster

Lawrence Palinkas, University of Southern California A number of studies have been conducted on the social and psychological consequences of the Exxon Valdez spill. Lawrence Palinkas was involved with one of the largest of those studies, the Oiled Mayors study. The study was conducted 1 year after the spill and combined ethnographic fieldwork in 22 communities with a quantitative survey of about 600 households. The researchers measured exposure based on responses to a series of questions about...