Schreckin the filler flotation from waste paper

Maria Liphard (El) • W. von Rybinski • B. Schreck Henkel KGaA

Forschung/Physikalische Chemie D-40191 Düsseldorf

Abstract High contents of fillers such as kaolin or calcium carbonate limit the use of waste paper, especially in tissue paper production. In order to determine the effect of flotation reagents on the removal of fillers, adsorption, zeta potential, and particle size measurements, as well as flotation experiments using model dispersions of calcium carbonate, kaolin, and cellulose fibers were carried out. The adsorption of the cationic polymer starts at low initial concentrations on the negatively charged filler surfaces and cellulose fibers. However, due to the steeper slope of the adsorption isotherm on the fillers, the polymer is preferentially adsorbed on the fillers. Furthermore, the adsorption of the polymer causes an increase in the particle size of the fillers. Anionic surfactants are generally better suited for waste paper systems containing calcium carbonate than for those with kaolin. This is due to the fact that the adsorption onto calcium carbonate occurs at lower concentrations than that onto kaolin. Calcium ions dissolved in the pulp improve the adsorption of anionic surfactant onto kaolin and are necessary for a sufficiently high recovery of the fillers.

Key words Fillers — flotation — adsorption — anionic surfactant — cationic polyelectrolyte

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