Scott Berger

American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)

Given the greatly increased focus on industrial and public security in the years since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, few would disagree that sustainability and security are closely linked. Without much imagination, one could put forward the hypothesis that a sustainable manufacturing process that consumes few, if any, material or energy resources and that uses more benign materials would contain nothing usable by a terrorist. At best, however, this hypothesis is only partially true. At worst, the hypothesis not only misses the point of sustainability almost entirely, it also distracts from the true mission of security.

This section will provide a broad overview of security from the sustainability perspective, going well beyond the subjects of fences and cameras, in order to give the reader an appreciation of the subject. Additional references, to help the reader learn more about security, are provided at the conclusion of this section.

In order to understand security in a sustainability context, it is necessary to treat security the way you treat any other sustainability issue - by evaluating security from cradle-to-cradle. It is important to consider:

• the roots of terrorism;

• terrorist goals and strategies;

• terrorist tactics;

• exploitable consequences;

• security vulnerability;

• security countermeasures;

• the link between security and sustainability; and

• review and continual improvement.

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