Austria

MSW collected increased by 29% between 1989 and 1998 (from 2.5 to 3.2 Mt). This increase took place largely between 1993 and 1996. Subsequently, amounts seem to have begun to decrease. In 1998, household waste accounted for 100% of the waste collected in all regions except Tirol (59%), Burgenland (68%) and Wien (85%). In 1989, at national level, the percentage was 86%, falling to 59% in 1993.

The average production of waste per inhabitant increased by 22% between 1989 and 1998 (from 326 kg to 399 kg). In 1993, 55% of municipal waste was landfilled (1.37 Mt) whereas 75% of waste was landfilled in 1989 (1.83 Mt). The amounts of waste composted and recycled increased on average by one third between 1989 and 1993, accounting for 31% and then 44% of municipal waste.

In 1993, only Vienna used incineration (and used this approach for 66% of MSW, compared with only 20% in 1989). In 1995, incinerators were, however, to be found in all regions - with the exception of Salzburg.

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