The amount of municipal waste collected increased by approximately one third between 1991 and 1998 (from 20.0 to 26.8 Mt). This increase took place solely between 1991 and 1993. After 1993, amounts levelled out in some regions and in some cases even fell.

Landfilling is the most widely used method of waste disposal in Italy, accounting for approximately 77% of waste in 1998 - a slight reduction in comparison with 1996 (83%). In 1998, 7% of municipal waste was incinerated and this method was in use in eleven of the 20 Italian regions (significantly in four). In 1997, other forms of waste elimination or treatment, especially composting, accounted for 10% of waste (5% in 1996). The number of incinerators increased by 11%. In 1997, most of the 38 incinerators were located in the north of Italy. The number of composting sites or other treatments more or less doubled between 1996 and 1997 (from 60 to 115).

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