Xenobiotics In The Environment Conclusion

Rapid progress, in the last few years, has facilitated the understanding of process of biodegradation of numerous xenobiotic compounds by microbes. Use of culture independent molecular techniques support to understand the microbial community dynamics and structure has assisted in elucidating the particulars of PAH degradation. Synthetic strategies are expensive and are less feasible at a large scale, whereas exploiting diverse microbial flora could solve the problem through various metabolic pathways. Use of different oxidative enzymes as biocatalysts for complacent environment expresses a promising potential because of less energy requirements as well as specificity. Further characterization is required to explore diverse bacterial flora, their novel catabolic genes, the substrate-specificity, kinetics and the stability of the encoded enzyme and efficient metabolic pathways which would elucidate novel environment friendly technologies for the removal of carcinogenic PAH compounds.

Acknowledgments Authors are thankful to Department of Botany (DST-FIST and UGC-DRS sponsored), Visva-Bharati, for necessary support.

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